Funding Agencies Requirements

In 1999, the U.S. Office of Management and Budget amended OMB Circular A-110 to require research data produced with funding from Federal agencies be made publicly available through procedures established through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

Federally funded research - access to publications and data

The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) released a policy memorandum, “Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research,” on February 22, 2013. See the Federal Agency Policies for Public Access website for brief descriptions of the policies for top UA federal funding agencies and where to get further help.

Below is a summary table of public access plans for all of the 19 federal funding agencies that fall under the OSTP memo. The majority of federal funding agencies listed below, require a Data Management Plan.

Federally funded research requirements by Agency 

Agency – Public Access Plans Article Solution

Article Deposit Deadline

Data Solution

Data Deposit Deadline

DMP Requirement

American Heart Association

PubMed Central (PMC) Within 12 months of publication Submit to one of the AHA approved subject repositories Within 12 months of end of funding period Yes, Sample Data Plans
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality PubMed Central (PMC) Upon acceptance

Commercial repository, TBD.

At time of article acceptance Yes
Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response PubMed Central (PMC) Upon acceptance A recognized scientific data repository; submit metadata to ASPR for deposit in registry At time of article acceptance or 30 months, whichever is sooner

Yes, Requirements

Centers for Disease Control CDC Stacks and PubMed Central (PMC) using NIHMS submission system Upon acceptance

Multiple repository options; preferred, TBD

Within 30 months of collection Yes, Draft for CDC datasets
Dept of Defense

Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)

Upon acceptance

DTIC centralized data catalog and public repositories  

At time of article publication Yes
Dept of Energy

Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science (PAGES)

Upon acceptance Publicly accessible repositories that meet requirements   At time of article publication Yes, DMP Suggested Elements
Dept of Transportation

DOT National Transportation Library

Upon Acceptance

Publicly accessible repositories that meet requirements

At time of article publication

Yes, Section 7.4.2
Institute of Education Sciences ERIC for post-publication Upon Acceptance Data must be available for at least 10 years - researcher repository choice At time of article publication Yes, DMP Requirement and Responsibility
Food & Drug Admin PubMed Central (PMC) using NIHMS submission system Upon Acceptance Disciplinary data repository  

At time of article publication

Yes, DMP Requirements
National Aeronautics & Space Admin NASA-branded PMC portal Upon Acceptance PMC portal alongside article, NASA archives, or disciplinary data repository 

At time of article publication or within reasonable time after publication

Yes, Data Management Plans
National Institute of Health PubMed Central (PMC) Upon Acceptance

Genomic data (human) - one of the NIH Data Sharing Repositories; nonhuman data - any widely used data repository

At time of article publication

Data management plan required

National Institute of Standards & Tech

PubMed Central (PMC)

Upon Acceptance

Enterprise Data Inventory (EDI) dataset registry and Common Access Platform through

At time of article publication

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Admin

NOAA Institutional Repository using CDC Stacks

Upon Acceptance

Long term - NOAA National Data Centers; multiple short term solutions.

At time of article publication or within 2 years of data collection

Yes, Data Management Planning
National Science Foundation

Public Access Repository

Upon Acceptance An appropriate disciplinary repository of your choosing, public access through "Within a reasonable timeframe" Yes
Smithsonian Institution

Smithsonian Research Online (SRO) or CHORUS

Within 12 months of publication or negotiated period SRO or approved community-supported or discipline-specific repository, or via CHORUS  

At time of article publication or negotiated period

Yes, Data Management Policy
Agency for International Development -- --

Development Data Library (DDL) or a publicly accessible research database, with links to 

At time of article publication "or no later than five calendar days prior to the conclusion of the award" --
Dept of Agriculture USDA public access archive system (PubAg Upon article acceptance USDA registry of datasets, Ag Data Commons   Yes, part of Phase 2 Requirements
U.S. Geological Survey

Information Product Data System (IPDS)  & USGS Publications Warehouse

At time of publication

Following data verification and approval Yes, DMP Requirements
Veteran’s Administration PubMed Central (PMC) Upon article acceptance Partnering with HHS, NIH, FDA, and DoD; public access solution to data TBD -- Yes, DMP requirements


Source: SPARC Article and Data Sharing Requirements by Federal Agency